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ಸಸ್ಯಗಳು ಸಹಾಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ಏನು ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ ?

ಸಸ್ಯಗಳು ಸಹಾಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ಏನು ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ ?

ಚಪ್ಪಟೆಯಾದ ದೊಡ್ಡ ರೆಕ್ಕೆಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಬಿಳಿ-ಬೂದು ಬಣ್ಣದ ದೇಹದ ಮೇಲೆ ಎದ್ದು ಕಾಣುವ ಎರಡು ಪ್ರಕಾಶಮಾನವಾದ ನೀಲಿ ಕಣ್ಣುಗುಡ್ಡೆಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ, ಹಾಕ್‌ಮೋತ್ ಭವ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಕಾಣುತ್ತದೆ. ಅವು ಮನುಷ್ಯರಿಗೆ ನಿರುಪದ್ರವಿಗಳಾಗಿದ್ದು ಹೂವುಗಳಿಂದ ಮಕರಂದವನ್ನು ಕುಡಿಯುವುದರಿಂದ ಹೆಚ್ಚಾಗಿ ಬದುಕುತ್ತವೆ. ಅವರು ಸ್ನೇಹಪರವಾಗಿ ಕಾಣಿಸಬಹುದು, ಆದರೆ ಅವುಗಳ ಲಾರ್ವಾಗಳು ಭೀಕರವಾಗಿ ವಿಭಿನ್ನ ಫಲಿತಾಂಶವನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿವೆ. ಹಾಕ್‌ಮೊತ್‌ನ ಮರಿಹುಳುಗಳು ತೋಟಗಳನ್ನು ಹಾಳು ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಅವರ ಹೊಟ್ಟೆಬಾಕತನದಿಂದ ಬಹುತೇಕ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಸಸ್ಯಗಳನ್ನು ತ್ವರಿತವಾಗಿ ತಿನ್ನಲು ಅನುವು ಮಾಡಿಕೊಡುತ್ತದೆ ಮತ್ತು ರೈತರಿಗೆ ಭಾರೀ ನಷ್ಟವನ್ನು ಉಂಟುಮಾಡಬಹುದು. ಆದರೆ

ಆಕಾಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಹಕ್ಕಿಗಳ ವೈಮಾನಿಕ ನೃತ್ಯ -ಮರ್ಮರೇಷನ್

ಆಕಾಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಹಕ್ಕಿಗಳ ವೈಮಾನಿಕ ನೃತ್ಯ -ಮರ್ಮರೇಷನ್

ಮರ್ಮರೇಷನ್ ಅನ್ನು ಸ್ಟಾರ್ಲಿಂಗ್ ಎಂಬ ಒಂದು ಹಕ್ಕಿಗಳ ಗುಂಪು ಆಕಾಶದಾದ್ಯಂತ ಹಾರುತ್ತ ನರ್ತಿಸುತ್ತ ಉಂಟುಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಸಂಜೆಯ ಹೊತ್ತಿಗೆ, ಸುಂದರ ಪ್ರದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಸ್ಟಾರ್ಲಿಂಗ್‌ಗಳ ಸಣ್ಣ ಗುಂಪುಗಳು ಆಕಾಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಸ್ವಚ್ಛಂದವಾಗಿ ಹಾರುತ್ತ ಗುಂಪಿನಲ್ಲಿ ತಮ್ಮ ಮೈಮರೆಯುತ್ತವೆ. ಈ ಗುಂಪು ದೊಡ್ಡದಾಗಿ, ವೈಮಾನಿಕ ನೃತ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಗ್ಗಟ್ಟಾಗಿ ಚಲಿಸುತ್ತಾ ಸೂರ್ಯನ ಬೆಳಕಿನ ವಿರುದ್ಧ ಭವ್ಯ ರೂಪರೇಖೆಗಳನ್ನು ಉಂಟುಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಸ್ಟಾರ್ಲಿಂಗ್‌ಗಳನ್ನು ‘ಭಾಗಶಃ ವಲಸೆಗಾರರು’ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಇವು ಕೇವಲ ಕೆಲವು ಸ್ಥಳಗಳಿಗೆ ಮಾತ್ರ ಚಲಿಸುತ್ತವೆ. ಮರ್ಮರೇಷನ್ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆಯ ಪಕ್ಷಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಆಕರ್ಷಿತವಾಗಿದೆ ಮತ್ತು ಪೆರೆಗ್ರಿನ್

ಸಸ್ಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒಡಹುಟ್ಟಿದವರ ನಡುವಿನ ಪೈಪೋಟಿ.

ಸಸ್ಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒಡಹುಟ್ಟಿದವರ ನಡುವಿನ ಪೈಪೋಟಿ.

ನೀವು ಸಹೋದರಿ ಅಥವಾ ಸಹೋದರನನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದ್ದರೆ, ನೀವು ಬಾಲ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಳೆದ ಸವಿಯಾದ ಘಟನೆಗಳನ್ನು ಪ್ರೀತಿಯಿಂದ ನೆನಪಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೀರಿ.ಆದರೆ ಸಸ್ಯಗಳ ವಿಷಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಡಹುಟ್ಟಿದವರೊಂದಿಗೆ ಪೈಪೋಟಿ ಇದೆ ಎಂದು ನೀವು ಭಾವಿಸುತ್ತೀರಾ? ಕೆ.ಎನ್. ಗಣೇಶಯ್ಯ ಅವರು ಜ್ಞಾನಿ ಆಗಿದ್ದು, ಸಸ್ಯಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ ಮತ್ತು ಕೃಷಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅಪಾರ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆಯ ಪತ್ರಿಕೆಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಲೇಖನಗಳನ್ನು ನೀಡಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಗಣೇಶಯ್ಯ ಬೆಂಗಳೂರಿನ ಕೃಷಿ ವಿಜ್ಞಾನ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾಲಯದಲ್ಲಿ ನಿವೃತ್ತ ಕೃಷಿ ಪ್ರಾಧ್ಯಾಪಕರು. ವೃತ್ತಿ ಶಿಕ್ಷಣದ ಹೊರತಾಗಿ, ಗಣೇಶಯ್ಯ ರೋಮಾಂಚಕ ಕಥೆಗಳ ಸಮೃದ್ಧ ಬರಹಗಾರರು. ಸಣ್ಣ ಕಥೆಗಳ ಹೊರತಾಗಿ, ಅವರು ಹಲವಾರು

ಪರಾಗಸ್ಪರ್ಶಕ ಆಕರ್ಷಣೆಯ ಸಂಚು.

ಪರಾಗಸ್ಪರ್ಶಕ ಆಕರ್ಷಣೆಯ ಸಂಚು.

ಹೂವುಗಳನ್ನು ನೋಡಲು ಕೀಟಗಳನ್ನು ಆಕರ್ಷಿಸುವ ಏಕೈಕ ವಿಷಯವೆಂದರೆ ಬಾಹ್ಯ ಬಣ್ಣಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ನೋಟ ಎಂದು ನೀವು ಭಾವಿಸಿದರೆ, ನೀವು ತಪ್ಪಾಗಿ ಭಾವಿಸುತ್ತೀರಿ. ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಇನ್ನೂ ಬಹಳಷ್ಟು ನಡೆಯುತ್ತದೆ. ಹೂವಿನ ಬಣ್ಣವು ಕೀಟಗಳಿಗೆ ಹೇಗೆ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ಆಕರ್ಷಣೆಯಾಗಬಹುದು ಎಂಬುದನ್ನು ಹಿಂದಿನ ಲೇಖನದಲ್ಲಿ ನಾವು ಕಲಿತಿದ್ದೇವೆ. ಹೂವಿನ ದಳಗಳ ಮೇಲಿನ ಸೂಕ್ಷ್ಮ ಗೆರೆಗಳು ಕೀಟಗಳು ಮಕರಂದವನ್ನು ತಲುಪಲು ಮಾರ್ಗದರ್ಶಿ ಮೂಲವಾಗಿ ಕಾರ್ಯನಿರ್ವಹಿಸುತ್ತವೆ. ನಂತರ, ಪರಾಗವು ಅವುಗಳ ದೇಹಕ್ಕೆ ಅಂಟಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತವೆ ಮತ್ತು ಅವುಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ ಇತರ ಹೂವುಗಳಿಗೆ ಪ್ರಯಾಣಿಸುತ್ತವೆ, ಸಂತಾನೋತ್ಪತ್ತಿಗೆ ಕೊಡುಗೆ ನೀಡುತ್ತವೆ.

The plan to pollinator attraction

The plan to pollinator attraction

If you think superficial colours and looks are the only things that attract insects to flowers, you are mistaken. There is a lot more going on there. We have learnt in the previous post how the colour of the flower can be a major attraction for insects. The fine lines on the petals of a

Sibling Rivalry in Plants

Sibling Rivalry in Plants

If you have a sister or brother, you will fondly remember the silly fights you had as a child. In the case of plants, do you think sibling rivalry exists? K.N. Ganeshaiah is a polymath who has contributed a vast number of papers and articles in botany and agriculture. Ganeshaiah is a retired professor of agriculture

Can the African Jacana Walk on Water?

Can the African Jacana Walk on Water?

Blessed with long, slender legs and interestingly long toes that make their walking look classy, the African Jacana is quite incredible to look at. While they have not yet mastered the art of walking on water, these ‘Lilly-trotters’ walk on floating plankton, grass and water lilies. As the weight of the bird is supported pushes the vegetation

Can plants call for help?

Can plants call for help?

With large wings that open out flat and two bright blue eyespots that stand out on a white-grey body, the majestic hawkmoth looks majestic, especially with the five yellow-orange sports. Though they are harmless to humans and largely survive by drinking nectar from flowers, they can seem friendly. But their larvae have a menacingly different

TURN THAT BLEMISH INTO BEAUTY

TURN THAT BLEMISH INTO BEAUTY

As the lockdown opens up and most of us are going back to offices again, we know what you are thinking! How do you look flawless yet simply elegant! Look at our #PlantScience#carebox and you have the perfect solution for that. With the anti-blemish cream, you can now get back your natural glow within 2-3 weeks –

Do Plants Produce a Slippery Substance To Keep Ants Away?

Do Plants Produce a Slippery Substance To Keep Ants Away?

Although the ants often mutualize with seed dispersals for plants, they rarely participate in pollination. More often than not, when it comes to flowers, the ants negatively affect crops that act as nectar thieves and scare away with their aggressive presence of legitimate pollinators. Therefore, it is useful for nectar plants to develop mechanisms that

3 Nutritional Mushrooms

3 Nutritional Mushrooms

Although they are fungi, mushrooms are classified as “vegetables” in the culinary world. They are also used as a meat substitute in meatless dishes due to how well they absorb the flavours of the dish – and some mushrooms are naturally umami (or savoury, like many types of meat). They can also be used to

5 Most Poisonous Mushrooms

5 Most Poisonous Mushrooms

Mushrooms are enjoyed by many people all over the world, and are a divisive food that diners either love or despise. Those who enjoy eating fungi, on the other hand, must be cautious about which mushrooms they consume, as approximately 30 wild species are known to be consistently fatal due to high levels of toxicity,

Strategies to Deter Nectar Thieves

Strategies to Deter Nectar Thieves

Can plants use techniques to keep unwanted guests away? Kind of enforcing boundaries where they keep certain visitors out while attracting others? It seems that way when you see the plight of ants that try to steal sweet nectar away from them. Although the ants often mutualize with seed dispersals for plants, they rarely participate

Trees Talk Through an Ancient ‘Otherworld’ Network

Trees Talk Through an Ancient ‘Otherworld’ Network

WWW is an immensely popular abbreviation in the current world. But the trees are giving a very interesting turn to the concept of WWW.  According to ancient beliefs, trees can talk among themselves. But the entire process is seemingly new to the science world, as it is still exploring this. Deep under the layers of

The Holy Myrrh, Guggul and Incense

The Holy Myrrh, Guggul and Incense

Ever wondered where your incense comes from? Did you know that guggul is a resin secreted by the Mukul myrrh tree (Commiphora mukul), which grows in India, Central Asia, and North Africa? In India, incense sticks are a critical element in most Hindu celebrations. During pujas and festivals, incense sticks or dhoop are used liberally.

Do pitcher plants trap salamanders too?

Do pitcher plants trap salamanders too?

We know that pitcher plants are carnivorous as they have modified leaves called traps. These traps include the prey-trapping mechanism and feature a cavity comprising digestive liquid. The traps are formed by the specialized leaves and these plants make the best use of their nectars to attract their prey. Understanding Things about Pitcher Plants’ Chosen

Ants to the rescue

Ants to the rescue

We often do not credit plants for their smart behaviour. You would be amazed to know some facts about how plants can influence their environment to suit their purpose. We see a lot of co-operation between various species and how they work in tandem to fight an enemy. Plants can call for help and enlist

Pollination by Mosquitoes

Pollination by Mosquitoes

Did you know there are around 3,500 mosquito species? A significant number of these need nothing to do with gnawing people or some other creature. Indeed, even in species that bite, it is just the females that do as they need human blood to build up their eggs. The major food of all grown-up mosquitoes

Anti-herbivore plant strategies

Anti-herbivore plant strategies

Plants have been successful in colonizing most environments and when doing so they have to face tough competition not just from other plants but also from animals! So how do plants protect themselves from herbivores? Interactions between plants and insect herbivores are important determinants of plant productivity. In response to the attack, plants have evolved

Holy Tulasi, the incomparable one

Holy Tulasi, the incomparable one

In Hinduism, tulasi is worshipped as a goddess and every part of the tulasi plant is revered and considered sacred, including the leaves, stem, flower, root, seeds, and oil. Even the surrounding soil, which has recently been found to harbor beneficial endophytic fungi, is considered an aspect of the divine. Here we examine, the benefits

Jamun powered Solar cells

Jamun powered Solar cells

Jamun Power To Solar Battery Did you know the delicious Indian summer fruit, jamun, is not just something just to enjoy eating, but it can be used to make an efficient solar cells? The pigment found in jamun – Syzygium cumini absorbs massive amounts of sunlight. The group of scientists from IIT, who found this

Mechanism of the venus fly trap

Mechanism of the venus fly trap

Do you know what exactly happens in the Venus flytrap? Especially when the bug/spider wanders into it?  While most of us led to believe of the plant having a carnivorous brain and tries catching the bugs and flies to survive, you would be surprised to know that winged insects only make up to 5% of its

You know you love me!

You know you love me!

When you see one of the finest examples of plants mimicking insects in the Mirror Bee Orchid, you wonder if there is a master mentoring them. Mirror bee orchids have sufficient resemblance to the female of the ichneumon  wasp Lissopimpla semipunctata to induce copulation by the male wasp. To take their deception further, they are very well-known for

Can Plants Taste?

Can Plants Taste?

Professor Jack C Schultz of the Division of Plant Sciences at the University of Missouri in Columbia describe plants as slow animals. Humans have an intertwined sense of smell and taste. It is similar to plants too.    He says that plants, like animals, fight for their space, look for food, set up traps for prey, and

How do plants sense the light?Do plants have vision?

How do plants sense the light?Do plants have vision?

Did you know that plants seek light and grow towards the source of light?Having a steady source of light helps a plant to grow healthy. But what if there is no active source of light? Like in a forest, where thick foliage, larger trees block the light? It might as well be in a room

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