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ಸಸ್ಯಗಳು ಸಹಾಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ಏನು ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ ?

ಸಸ್ಯಗಳು ಸಹಾಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ಏನು ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ ?

ಚಪ್ಪಟೆಯಾದ ದೊಡ್ಡ ರೆಕ್ಕೆಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಬಿಳಿ-ಬೂದು ಬಣ್ಣದ ದೇಹದ ಮೇಲೆ ಎದ್ದು ಕಾಣುವ ಎರಡು ಪ್ರಕಾಶಮಾನವಾದ ನೀಲಿ ಕಣ್ಣುಗುಡ್ಡೆಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ, ಹಾಕ್‌ಮೋತ್ ಭವ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಕಾಣುತ್ತದೆ. ಅವು ಮನುಷ್ಯರಿಗೆ ನಿರುಪದ್ರವಿಗಳಾಗಿದ್ದು ಹೂವುಗಳಿಂದ ಮಕರಂದವನ್ನು ಕುಡಿಯುವುದರಿಂದ ಹೆಚ್ಚಾಗಿ ಬದುಕುತ್ತವೆ. ಅವರು ಸ್ನೇಹಪರವಾಗಿ ಕಾಣಿಸಬಹುದು, ಆದರೆ ಅವುಗಳ ಲಾರ್ವಾಗಳು ಭೀಕರವಾಗಿ ವಿಭಿನ್ನ ಫಲಿತಾಂಶವನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿವೆ. ಹಾಕ್‌ಮೊತ್‌ನ ಮರಿಹುಳುಗಳು ತೋಟಗಳನ್ನು ಹಾಳು ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಅವರ ಹೊಟ್ಟೆಬಾಕತನದಿಂದ ಬಹುತೇಕ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಸಸ್ಯಗಳನ್ನು ತ್ವರಿತವಾಗಿ ತಿನ್ನಲು ಅನುವು ಮಾಡಿಕೊಡುತ್ತದೆ ಮತ್ತು ರೈತರಿಗೆ ಭಾರೀ ನಷ್ಟವನ್ನು ಉಂಟುಮಾಡಬಹುದು. ಆದರೆ

ಹವಾಮಾನ ಪರಿಸ್ಥಿತಿಗಳು ಕೋಕೋದಲ್ಲಿ ಚಾಕೊಲೇಟ್ ರುಚಿಯ ಬದಲಾವಣೆಗೆ ಕಾರಣವೇ?

ಹವಾಮಾನ ಪರಿಸ್ಥಿತಿಗಳು ಕೋಕೋದಲ್ಲಿ ಚಾಕೊಲೇಟ್ ರುಚಿಯ ಬದಲಾವಣೆಗೆ ಕಾರಣವೇ?

ಚಾಕೊಲೇಟ್ ಮಾರುಕಟ್ಟೆ ನಿರಂತರವಾಗಿ ಬೆಳೆಯುತ್ತಿದೆ. ಉನ್ನತ ಮಟ್ಟದ ತಯಾರಕರು ಸಂಸ್ಕರಿಸಿದ ರುಚಿ ಮತ್ತು ಉತ್ತಮ ಗುಣಮಟ್ಟಕ್ಕೆ ಅಂಟಿಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ಪ್ರಯತ್ನಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಆದಾಗ್ಯೂ, ರುಚಿಯ ಬದಲಾವಣೆಯ ಹಿಂದಿನ ಕಾರಣ ನಿಮಗೆ ತಿಳಿದಿದೆಯೇ? ಮೊದಲನೆಯದಾಗಿ, ಚಾಕೊಲೇಟ್‌ನ ಮೂರು ಮುಖ್ಯ ಪದಾರ್ಥಗಳು ಕೋಕೋ ಬೆಣ್ಣೆ, ಕೋಕೋ ಪೌಡರ್ ಮತ್ತು ಸಕ್ಕರೆ. ಬೆಣ್ಣೆ ಮತ್ತು ಶಕ್ತಿಯನ್ನು “ಥಿಯೋಬ್ರೊಮಾ ಕೋಕೋ ಎಲ್” ಅಥವಾ ಕೋಕೋ ಮರದ ಬೀನ್ಸ್‌ನಿಂದ ಹೊರತೆಗೆಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಕೊಕೊ ಬೆಣ್ಣೆಯು ಬೀನ್ಸ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ ಇರುವ ಕೊಬ್ಬು. ಇದು ವಿಶಿಷ್ಟವಾದ ಕೊಬ್ಬಿನಾಮ್ಲಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದೆ, ಇದರ ಪರಿಣಾಮವಾಗಿ

ಹುಲ್ಲಿನ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಮತ್ತಷ್ಟು

ಹುಲ್ಲಿನ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಮತ್ತಷ್ಟು

ಅನೇಕ ಜನರು ಕ್ರೀಡೆಗಳನ್ನು ಆಡಲು ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರಪಂಚದಾದ್ಯಂತ ನಡೆಯುವ ಘಟನೆಗಳನ್ನು ವೀಕ್ಷಿಸಲು ಇಷ್ಟಪಡುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಹಾಕಿ, ಸಾಕರ್, ಕ್ರಿಕೆಟ್, ಇತ್ಯಾದಿ, ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಕ್ರೀಡೆಗಳನ್ನು ವಿವಿಧ ಹುಲ್ಲುಗಾವಲು ಮೈದಾನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಆಡಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ನೀವು ಎಂದಾದರೂ ಹುಲ್ಲಿನ ಪ್ರಕಾರದ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ತಿಳಿದುಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ಬಯಸಿದ್ದೀರಾ? ಜೊಯಿಸಿಯಾ ಹುಲ್ಲುಇವು ಕಡಿಮೆ-ನಿರ್ವಹಣೆಯೊಂದಿಗೆ ನಿಧಾನವಾಗಿ ಬೆಳೆಯುವ ಹುಲ್ಲು, ಅವುಗಳು ಹುಲ್ಲುಹಾಸಿನಂತೆ ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸಲ್ಪಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಹುಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಕೆಲಸದ ಅಗತ್ಯವಿಲ್ಲ ಮತ್ತು ಕಠಿಣ ಪರಿಸ್ಥಿತಿಯನ್ನು ನಿಭಾಯಿಸಬಲ್ಲದು. ಅವು ಬರ-ಸಹಿಷ್ಣು ಮತ್ತು ಆಸ್ಟ್ರೇಲಿಯಾದ ತಾಪಮಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಸೂಕ್ತವಾಗಿವೆ. ಇದು ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯ ರೋಗಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಕಳೆಗಳಿಗೆ

Keep Off The Grass

Keep Off The Grass

Many people love playing sports and watching events that happen across the world. Whether it is hockey, soccer, cricket, etc., most sports are played on different grass fields. Have you ever wanted to know about the type of grass? If not, take a look at the other sports grass. Zoysia Grass They are low-maintenance and

ಅಂಬರ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ಸಂರಕ್ಷಿಸಲಾಗಿರುವ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನ ಕೀಟಗಳು ನಮಗೆ ಏನು ಹೇಳುತ್ತವೆ?

ಅಂಬರ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ಸಂರಕ್ಷಿಸಲಾಗಿರುವ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನ ಕೀಟಗಳು ನಮಗೆ ಏನು ಹೇಳುತ್ತವೆ?

ವಿಜ್ಞಾನಿಗಳಿಗೆ, ಸಸ್ಯ ರಾಳವು ಅತ್ಯಾಕರ್ಷಕವಾಗಿದೆ. ಸಸ್ಯದ ರಾಳವು ಪ್ರಪಂಚದ ಬಹುಮುಖ ಮತ್ತು ಹೆಚ್ಚಾಗಿ ಬಳಸಿದ ಉತ್ಪನ್ನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದಾಗಿದೆ. ರಾಳವು ಟೆರ್ಪೆನ್ಸ್ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯಲ್ಪಡುವ ಸಾವಯವ ಸಂಯುಕ್ತಗಳ ಗುಂಪನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿರುತ್ತದೆ, ಅವುಗಳು ಫೀನಾಲಿಕ್ ಮತ್ತು ಬಾಷ್ಪಶೀಲವಾಗಿವೆ. ರಾಳವನ್ನು ಬಹಳ ದೀರ್ಘಕಾಲ ಪಳೆಯುಳಿಕೆಯಂತೆ ಸಂಗ್ರಹ ಮಾಡಿದಾಗ, ಶಾಖ ಮತ್ತು ಒತ್ತಡವು ರಾಳದಿಂದ ಟೆರ್ಪೆನ್‌ಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊರಹಾಕುತ್ತದೆ. ಮೊದಲಿಗೆ, ರಾಳವನ್ನು ಕೋಪಾಲ್ ಎಂಬ ಸಂಬಂಧಿತ ವಸ್ತುವಾಗಿ ಪರಿವರ್ತಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಕೋಪಲ್ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಶಾಖ ಮತ್ತು ಒತ್ತಡಕ್ಕೆ ಒಳಪಟ್ಟಿರುತ್ತದೆ, ಇದು ಅಂಬರ್ ರಚನೆಗೆ ಕಾರಣವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಅಂಬರ್‌ನ

Can Climatic Conditions Alter Chocolate Flavor in Cocoa?

Can Climatic Conditions Alter Chocolate Flavor in Cocoa?

The chocolate market is ever-growing. High-end manufacturers are trying to stick to refined taste and high quality. However, are you aware of the reason behind the change in taste? Firstly, the three main ingredients of chocolate are cocoa butter, cocoa powder, and sugar. The butter and power are extracted from the beans of Theobroma cacao

Can plants call for help?

Can plants call for help?

With large wings that open out flat and two bright blue eyespots that stand out on a white-grey body, the majestic hawkmoth looks majestic, especially with the five yellow-orange sports. Though they are harmless to humans and largely survive by drinking nectar from flowers, they can seem friendly. But their larvae have a menacingly different

Relationship Between Beaks And Flowers

Relationship Between Beaks And Flowers

Do you know that birds adapt according to their environment and perform their best to survive? One of the marvellous features of a bird is its beak. While having many functions, the beak also adapts as the environment changes. Why Is Beak Important For Adaptation? The most common use of a beak is to drink

Do Plants Favour Relatives?

Do Plants Favour Relatives?

How Root Exudates Play a Major Role in Plant Survival One of the most interesting things about nature is the study of how plants have evolved defence mechanisms to contend with a harsh and unforgiving environment. Like all living things, plants must constantly defend themselves against predators, parasites, harmful bacteria, and other threats. They have

3 Nutritional Mushrooms

3 Nutritional Mushrooms

Although they are fungi, mushrooms are classified as “vegetables” in the culinary world. They are also used as a meat substitute in meatless dishes due to how well they absorb the flavours of the dish – and some mushrooms are naturally umami (or savoury, like many types of meat). They can also be used to

Can Ants Shrink and Regrow Their Brains?

Can Ants Shrink and Regrow Their Brains?

For most ant colonies, there is a simple hierarchy: a single queen lays all the eggs, and a caste system of workers manages everything else – food gathering, baby ants, war, etc. The rest of the ants are sterile, only males & queens can reproduce. The colony normally dies when the Queen dies. The Indian

5 Most Poisonous Mushrooms

5 Most Poisonous Mushrooms

Mushrooms are enjoyed by many people all over the world, and are a divisive food that diners either love or despise. Those who enjoy eating fungi, on the other hand, must be cautious about which mushrooms they consume, as approximately 30 wild species are known to be consistently fatal due to high levels of toxicity,

How Birds Help Study Mercury Contamination

How Birds Help Study Mercury Contamination

Did you know we study Mercury contamination by assessing bird feathers? The contamination of our ecosystem by Mercury is growing every day and its impact needs to be measured. Studies show Mercury is a global pollutant and mostly for wetlands. Birds aid in the biomonitoring of mercury in our ecosystem. Scientists research few bird species

How Plants Use Resin to Protect Themselves from Injury

How Plants Use Resin to Protect Themselves from Injury

It is truly wonderful how all living beings have evolved to protect themselves from threats. Even plants have evolved to come up with superb defence strategies that keep them properly safe and protected from a wide variety of serious threats. Resin is an organic compound that is generally produced by specific trees in response to

Strategies to Deter Nectar Thieves

Strategies to Deter Nectar Thieves

Can plants use techniques to keep unwanted guests away? Kind of enforcing boundaries where they keep certain visitors out while attracting others? It seems that way when you see the plight of ants that try to steal sweet nectar away from them. Although the ants often mutualize with seed dispersals for plants, they rarely participate

Do Plants Have Consciousness?

Do Plants Have Consciousness?

Do you have a feeling that your plants can sense how your mood is or how you are feeling on a particular day? While in some stories and some plant parents have experience where plants respond as if they can understand what you are going through, just like your pet, this is not proven. For

Is Glass Gem Corn Real? Can You Eat It?

Is Glass Gem Corn Real? Can You Eat It?

There aren’t many vegetables with a Facebook page, let alone one with nearly 19,000 followers, but “Glass Gem” corn is one of a kind. Because of its translucent, rainbow-coloured kernels, it became an Internet sensation. Growers of Glass Gem claim that the crop has inspired thousands of people to participate in seed saving and reconnect

Camphor & Eucalyptus, the chemical cousins

Camphor & Eucalyptus, the chemical cousins

Some plants are so close to one another that you keep thinking they might be related, though they are not similar. When you are in search of identifying plants that can cure human ailments, this becomes critical. Let us look at some of them. The camphor tree is native to China and is one of

Gardenia Gummifera – Dikamali

Gardenia Gummifera – Dikamali

Gardenia gummifera L.f. (Family: Rubeacea) is used in the indigenous system of medicine to cure many diseases. The herb, named Gardenia Gummifera – Dikamali is used in the treatment of wounds, skin diseases, fever, stomach pain, etc. The herb has different names, like resin, telbampa, bikke, etc. So, do not get confused when you see

Faking In Humans When They Fall In Football

Faking In Humans When They Fall In Football

Did you ever watch live football matches? If so, you will know that soccer players seem dramatic and tend to exaggerate their ordinary fouls. Last night, dad and I watched a Football match where we saw a famous player suddenly fall. All the other players and we also thought that he was severely hurt. But

Do pitcher plants trap salamanders too?

Do pitcher plants trap salamanders too?

We know that pitcher plants are carnivorous as they have modified leaves called traps. These traps include the prey-trapping mechanism and feature a cavity comprising digestive liquid. The traps are formed by the specialized leaves and these plants make the best use of their nectars to attract their prey. Understanding Things about Pitcher Plants’ Chosen

DIY skincare techniques for healthy skin

DIY skincare techniques for healthy skin

Do you want to get healthy skin without burning a hole in your pocket? Then these DIY skincare techniques can help you to achieve the skin of your dreams. While your kitchen might be equipped with all that your skin needs, not everything is cut-out to apply on your skin. Thus, I have created a

Fascinating reproduction methods in plants

Plants are categorized depending on two reproductive systems, such as spores or seeds. The result of the reproduction is to continue with their species. Reproduction in plants can fall into two categories, sexual or asexual. The process of reproduction by the fusion of gametes to form offspring is known as sexual reproduction. The process which

Is Coconut Oil Good for Your Skin?

Is Coconut Oil Good for Your Skin?

While some complain that the oil can block the pores on our body and cause blackheads, we explore some real claim backed by research about coconut oil and how it can help your skin. Skin, being the largest organ of the body, functions as the necessary interface between the internal and the external environment. Our

Plants can moan

Plants can moan

If you have been following our blog for sometime, you would have read about the various skills plants have which we couldn’t believe existed before – Plants have vision, can hear sounds, can experience pain and many more such capabilities that make us respect them more. Today, we will know about the distress call plants

Do Cows With Names Give More Milk?

Do Cows With Names Give More Milk?

One of my fondest memories from my childhood is living on the farm with my grandparents. My granny used to wake me up early to go milk the cows to make my favorite kheer. She had names for every cow, know the age of the calves, what they liked, how naughty one was and stories

Is eating the mud good?

Is eating the mud good?

Have you seen children dig out and lick soil or a mud wall? Some pregnant women crave for the soil too. Ever wondered why does that happen? This behaviour of voluntarily consuming soil is called Geophagy. Did you know the father of medicine, Hippocrates (460-380 BC) made a reference to geophagy in pregnancy (Young, 2011)

Peonies and Ants – Biological Mutualism

Peonies and Ants – Biological Mutualism

Peonies attract bees and other pollinating insects who also help in pollinating other plants in the garden. Peony buds produce sweet nectar which is a combination of water, sugar and amino acids. This invites foraging ants which feed leisurely on the abundant nectar. This phenomenon is actually interesting as it helps both the ants and

Ants to the rescue

Ants to the rescue

We often do not credit plants for their smart behaviour. You would be amazed to know some facts about how plants can influence their environment to suit their purpose. We see a lot of co-operation between various species and how they work in tandem to fight an enemy. Plants can call for help and enlist

Guess who is foreign on your plate?

Guess who is foreign on your plate?

If you liked our last post, you will love this one too. Check out the video and see how many you can identify and tell us in the comments about other foods we missed! WHAT IS PLANTSCIENCE? PlantScience blog is an insightful discussion to understand and explain the science behind the great success of plants –

Why are invasive plants so successful?

Why are invasive plants so successful?

Invasive species grab the land from other species and grow and spread. Make it difficult for local species to survive. They extract nutrients from the earth, which belonged to others. But to do this, they need to overcome competition, fight against local animal predators, adapt to the local atmospheric conditions, smart use of local resources.

Invasive Species Of Plants in India

Invasive Species Of Plants in India

While most plants are local, we have some plants that spread across territories alien to them and grow aggressively. These are species that grow and spread quickly and have the potential to cause harm are called ‘invasive’. They can threaten plants, animals, or any other aspect of biodiversity. Invasive plant species are usually found in

Touch-me-not!

Touch-me-not!

While we are reading about various defense mechanisms that plants adopt when fighting herbivores, we must explore one of the interesting traits used by some plants is to mimic dead plants or decrease in size. Some plants have attained the ability to decrease the appearance, i.e. stay hidden from the eyes of herbivores. Instead of

Digest me not!

Digest me not!

An effective method to reduce being attacked by herbivores is to develop reduced plant palatability. This method of defense is more direct and practical to stop not just the current attacker but also deter any future attempt.  Induction of trichomes in response to insect damage has been reported in many plants. This increase in trichome

Reach me not!

Reach me not!

Why do you think plants have some special characteristics that make them physically impossible to touch? Interactions between plants and herbivores are necessary to continue the food chain. However, when herbivores eat their tissues, these tissues can get severely injured. Some plants have adapted themselves to tolerate these damages and reproduce again, whereas other plants

Anti-herbivore plant strategies

Anti-herbivore plant strategies

Plants have been successful in colonizing most environments and when doing so they have to face tough competition not just from other plants but also from animals! So how do plants protect themselves from herbivores? Interactions between plants and insect herbivores are important determinants of plant productivity. In response to the attack, plants have evolved

Holy Tulasi, the incomparable one

Holy Tulasi, the incomparable one

In Hinduism, tulasi is worshipped as a goddess and every part of the tulasi plant is revered and considered sacred, including the leaves, stem, flower, root, seeds, and oil. Even the surrounding soil, which has recently been found to harbor beneficial endophytic fungi, is considered an aspect of the divine. Here we examine, the benefits

Mechanism of the venus fly trap

Mechanism of the venus fly trap

Do you know what exactly happens in the Venus flytrap? Especially when the bug/spider wanders into it?  While most of us led to believe of the plant having a carnivorous brain and tries catching the bugs and flies to survive, you would be surprised to know that winged insects only make up to 5% of its

N.Nidus-Avis, Master of camouflage

N.Nidus-Avis, Master of camouflage

If you think being invisible and stealthy is an art, we have a plant that has almost perfected it. This strange-looking orchid in shiny caramel color is known as Neottia Nidus-Avis. They can also be seen in beige-brown and yellow color. Neottia also means nest, and its roots look like a poorly made bird’s nest.

Sweet talk and drops of nectar.

Sweet talk and drops of nectar.

The next in our series of masters of disguise is Broad-Leaved Helleborine:The broad-leaved helleborine is a sub-species of orchid that have evolved physiological and morphological tactics to help them attract social wasps, which are their main pollinating agents. They trick pollinators into visiting their flowers. Some attract males by mimicking the sight and smells of females.

Beauty and fragrance

Beauty and fragrance

If looks can lure, this hammer orchid can summon an army of wasps. Add to that the brilliance of feninine pheromones and you have the ultimate combination.  The hammer orchid is an Australian species of orchid that attracts insects by mimicking both the visual and olfactory characteristics of pollinating insects like bees and wasps. This

Plants and the art of disguise

Plants and the art of disguise

When you look at Tom Hanks transform into the character of Forest Gump or Robin Williams into Mrs. Doubtfire, you are enthralled to see how the protagonist can mimic a completely different character with such ease and finesse. However good these fine actors are, there are better-mimicking geniuses in the world of plants and animals. 

You know you love me!

You know you love me!

When you see one of the finest examples of plants mimicking insects in the Mirror Bee Orchid, you wonder if there is a master mentoring them. Mirror bee orchids have sufficient resemblance to the female of the ichneumon  wasp Lissopimpla semipunctata to induce copulation by the male wasp. To take their deception further, they are very well-known for

Can plants feel touch?

Can plants feel touch?

We all think plants are gentle, and believe that they respond to human touch. Some Australian scientists have found evidence that they can feel the touch. Lead researcher Olivier Van Aken, professor at the University of Western Australia, mentions that “Although people generally assume plants don’t feel when they are being touched, this shows that they

7 reasons why trusting Nature is better than Chemicals for Medicines

7 reasons why trusting Nature is better than Chemicals for Medicines

Most people, when they feel sick, pop a chemical pill or a pack of it and wait for the sickness to fade for the time being. But do you realize that the thing that you just gulped down your throat might have significant side-effects? It may give temporary cure but can rile up your body for

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